RecognizedAudio.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ DotNET / DotNET / 8.0 / untmp / WIN_WINDOWS / lh_tools_devdiv_wpf / Windows / wcp / Speech / Src / Result / RecognizedAudio.cs / 1 / RecognizedAudio.cs

                            //------------------------------------------------------------------ 
// 
//     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
// 
//----------------------------------------------------------------- 

 
using System; 
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics; 
using System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis;
using System.Speech.AudioFormat;
using System.Speech.Internal;
 
#pragma warning disable 1634, 1691 // Allows suppression of certain PreSharp messages.
 
namespace System.Speech.Recognition 
{
 
    /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio"]/*' />

    [Serializable]
    public class RecognizedAudio 
    {
        internal RecognizedAudio(byte[] rawAudioData, SpeechAudioFormatInfo audioFormat, DateTime startTime, TimeSpan audioPosition, TimeSpan audioDuration) 
        { 
            _audioFormat = audioFormat;
            _startTime = startTime; 
            _audioPosition = audioPosition;
            _audioDuration = audioDuration;
            _rawAudioData = rawAudioData;
        } 

#if !SPEECHSERVER 
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.Format"]/*' /> 
        public SpeechAudioFormatInfo Format
        { 
            get { return _audioFormat; }
        }
#endif
 
        // Chronological "wall-clock" time the user started speaking the result at. This is useful for latency calculations etc.
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.StartTime"]/*' /> 
        public DateTime StartTime 
        {
            get { return _startTime; } 
        }

        // Position in the audio stream this audio starts at.
        // Note: the stream starts at zero when the engine first starts processing audio. 
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.AudioPosition"]/*' />
        public TimeSpan AudioPosition 
        { 
            get { return _audioPosition; }
        } 

        // Length of this audio fragment
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.Duration"]/*' />
        public TimeSpan Duration 
        {
            get { return _audioDuration; } 
        } 

        // Different ways to store the audio, either as a binary data stream or as a wave file. 
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.WriteAudio1"]/*' />
        public void WriteToWaveStream (Stream outputStream)
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (outputStream, "outputStream"); 

            using (StreamMarshaler sm = new StreamMarshaler (outputStream)) 
            { 
                WriteWaveHeader (sm);
            } 

            // now write the raw data
            outputStream.Write (_rawAudioData, 0, _rawAudioData.Length);
 
            outputStream.Flush ();
        } 
 
        // Different ways to store the audio, either as a binary data stream or as a wave file.
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.WriteAudio1"]/*' /> 
        public void WriteToAudioStream (Stream outputStream)
        {
            Helpers.ThrowIfNull (outputStream, "outputStream");
 
            // now write the raw data
            outputStream.Write (_rawAudioData, 0, _rawAudioData.Length); 
 
            outputStream.Flush ();
        } 

        // Get another audio object from this one representing a range of audio.
        /// TODOC <_include file='doc\RecognitionResult.uex' path='docs/doc[@for="RecognizedAudio.GetRange"]/*' />
        public RecognizedAudio GetRange (TimeSpan audioPosition, TimeSpan duration) 
        {
            if (audioPosition.Ticks < 0) 
            { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("audioPosition", SR.Get (SRID.NegativeTimesNotSupported));
            } 
            if (duration.Ticks < 0)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("duration", SR.Get (SRID.NegativeTimesNotSupported));
            } 
            if (audioPosition > _audioDuration)
            { 
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("audioPosition"); 
            }
 
            if (duration > audioPosition + _audioDuration)
            {
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException ("duration");
            } 

            // Get the position and length in bytes offset and btyes length. 
            int startPosition = (int) ((_audioFormat.BitsPerSample * _audioFormat.SamplesPerSecond * audioPosition.Ticks) / (TimeSpan.TicksPerSecond * 8)); 
            int length = (int) ((_audioFormat.BitsPerSample * _audioFormat.SamplesPerSecond * duration.Ticks) / (TimeSpan.TicksPerSecond * 8));
            if (startPosition + length > _rawAudioData.Length) 
            {
                length = _rawAudioData.Length - startPosition;
            }
 
            // Extract the data from the original stream
            byte [] audioBytes = new byte [length]; 
            Array.Copy (_rawAudioData, startPosition, audioBytes, 0, length); 
            return new RecognizedAudio (audioBytes, _audioFormat, _startTime + audioPosition, audioPosition, duration);
        } 

        //*******************************************************************
        //
        // Private Fields 
        //
        //******************************************************************* 
 
        #region Private Methods
 
        private void WriteWaveHeader (StreamMarshaler sm)
        {
            char [] riff = new char [4] { 'R', 'I', 'F', 'F' };
            byte [] formatSpecificData = _audioFormat.FormatSpecificData (); 
            sm.WriteArray (riff, riff.Length);
 
            sm.WriteStream ((uint) (_rawAudioData.Length + 38 + formatSpecificData.Length)); // Must be four bytes 

            char [] wave = new char [4] { 'W', 'A', 'V', 'E' }; 
            sm.WriteArray (wave, wave.Length);

            char [] fmt = new char [4] { 'f', 'm', 't', ' ' };
            sm.WriteArray (fmt, fmt.Length); 

            sm.WriteStream (18 + formatSpecificData.Length); 
 
            sm.WriteStream ((UInt16) _audioFormat.EncodingFormat);
            sm.WriteStream ((UInt16) _audioFormat.ChannelCount); 
            sm.WriteStream (_audioFormat.SamplesPerSecond);
            sm.WriteStream (_audioFormat.AverageBytesPerSecond);
            sm.WriteStream ((UInt16) _audioFormat.BlockAlign);
            sm.WriteStream ((UInt16) _audioFormat.BitsPerSample); 
            sm.WriteStream ((UInt16) formatSpecificData.Length);
 
            // write codec specific data 
            if (formatSpecificData.Length > 0)
            { 
                sm.WriteStream (formatSpecificData);
            }

            char [] data = new char [4] { 'd', 'a', 't', 'a' }; 
            sm.WriteArray (data, data.Length);
            sm.WriteStream (_rawAudioData.Length); 
        } 

#if SPEECHSERVER 

#pragma warning disable 56518 // The Binary reader cannot be disposed or it would close the underlying stream
        [SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
        internal RecognizedAudio RemoveMetaData() 
        {
            // Check format: 
            if ((int)_audioFormat.EncodingFormat == 0x8000 - (int)EncodingFormat.Pcm || 
                (int)_audioFormat.EncodingFormat == 0x8000 - (int)EncodingFormat.ULaw ||
                (int)_audioFormat.EncodingFormat == 0x8000 - (int)EncodingFormat.ALaw) 
            {
                // We have metadata so remove it:

                // Read metadata info from the format: 
                byte[] formatSpecificData = _audioFormat.FormatSpecificData();
                if (formatSpecificData.Length < 4) 
                { 
                    throw new FormatException(SR.Get(SRID.ExtraDataNotPresent));
                } 

                ushort metaDataSize;
                using (MemoryStream metaDataStream = new MemoryStream(formatSpecificData))
                { 
                    BinaryReader br = new BinaryReader(metaDataStream);
                    br.ReadUInt16(); // Is metadata present - not used here. 
                    metaDataSize = br.ReadUInt16(); 
                }
 
                int bytesPerSample = _audioFormat.BitsPerSample / 8;
                if (bytesPerSample < 1 || bytesPerSample > 2)
                {
                    throw new FormatException(SR.Get(SRID.BitsPerSampleInvalid)); 
                }
 
                // Calculate size of data part of block. As well as the metadata there are 6 bytes of overhead {signature, number of samples and reserved}. 
                int sampleBlockSize = (int)_audioFormat.BlockAlign - metaDataSize - 6;
                if (sampleBlockSize < 0) 
                {
                    throw new FormatException(SR.Get(SRID.DataBlockSizeInvalid));
                }
 
                // Check we have a whole number of blocks:
                if (_rawAudioData.Length % _audioFormat.BlockAlign != 0) 
                { 
                    throw new FormatException(SR.Get(SRID.NotWholeNumberBlocks));
                } 

                // Actually copy the audio data to a new array:
                byte[] newAudioData = ProcessMetaDataBlocks(metaDataSize, bytesPerSample, sampleBlockSize);
 
                // Make new format:
                EncodingFormat newEncodingFormat = (EncodingFormat)(-((int)_audioFormat.EncodingFormat - 0x8000)); 
                int newAverageBytesPerSecond = (int)(((long)_audioFormat.AverageBytesPerSecond * sampleBlockSize) / _audioFormat.BlockAlign); 
                short newBlockAlign = (short)(bytesPerSample * _audioFormat.ChannelCount);
                SpeechAudioFormatInfo newAudioFormat = new SpeechAudioFormatInfo(newEncodingFormat, _audioFormat.SamplesPerSecond, _audioFormat.BitsPerSample, _audioFormat.ChannelCount, newAverageBytesPerSecond, newBlockAlign, null); 

                // Make new RecognizedAudio {copying start, duration etc}:
                return new RecognizedAudio(newAudioData, newAudioFormat, _startTime, _audioPosition, _audioDuration);
            } 
            else
            { 
                // No metadata - just return. 
                return this;
            } 
        }

        // Copy
        private byte[] ProcessMetaDataBlocks(ushort metaDataSize, int bytesPerSample, int sampleBlockSize) 
        {
            // Make new array: {this may be slightly too big if there are some empty packets - we resize later} 
            int numberOfBlocks = _rawAudioData.Length / _audioFormat.BlockAlign; 
            byte[] newAudioData = new byte[numberOfBlocks * sampleBlockSize];
 
            // Copy new bytes: {removing metadata and zero parts of data}
            int numberAudioBytes = 0;
            using (MemoryStream dataStream = new MemoryStream(_rawAudioData))
            { 
                BinaryReader br = new BinaryReader(dataStream);
                for (int i = 0; i < numberOfBlocks; i++) 
                { 
                    ushort signature = br.ReadUInt16();
                    ushort sampleCount = br.ReadUInt16(); 
                    br.ReadBytes(metaDataSize); // Meta data itself
                    br.ReadUInt16(); // Reserved value - not used here.
                    int bytesToCopy = sampleCount * bytesPerSample;
 
                    if (signature != (ushort)_audioFormat.EncodingFormat)
                    { 
                        throw new FormatException(SR.Get(SRID.BlockSignatureInvalid)); 
                    }
                    if (bytesToCopy > sampleBlockSize) 
                    {
                        throw new FormatException(SR.Get(SRID.NumberOfSamplesInvalid));
                    }
 
                    // Copy the required number of samles across:
                    int curPosition = (int)dataStream.Position; 
                    int endPosition = curPosition + bytesToCopy; 
                    for (; curPosition < endPosition; curPosition++, numberAudioBytes++)
                    { 
                        newAudioData[numberAudioBytes] = _rawAudioData[curPosition];
                    }

                    dataStream.Position += sampleBlockSize; 
                }
                Debug.Assert(dataStream.Position == _rawAudioData.Length); 
            } 

            // Resize if necessary: 
            Debug.Assert(numberAudioBytes <= newAudioData.Length);
            if (numberAudioBytes < newAudioData.Length)
            {
                // Array.Resize(ref newAudioData, numberAudioBytes); 
                byte [] tempAudioData = new byte[numberAudioBytes];
                Array.Copy(tempAudioData, newAudioData, numberAudioBytes); 
                newAudioData = tempAudioData; 
            }
 
            return newAudioData;
        }

#pragma warning restore 56518 // The Binary reader cannot be disposed or it would close the underlying stream 

#endif 
 
 		#endregion
 

		//********************************************************************
        //
        // Private Fields 
        //
        //******************************************************************* 
 
        #region Private Fields
 
        DateTime _startTime;
        TimeSpan _audioPosition;
        TimeSpan _audioDuration;
        SpeechAudioFormatInfo _audioFormat; 
        byte [] _rawAudioData;
 
        #endregion 

 
    }

}
 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
                        

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