Rfc2898DeriveBytes.cs source code in C# .NET

Source code for the .NET framework in C#

                        

Code:

/ Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / Dotnetfx_Win7_3.5.1 / 3.5.1 / DEVDIV / depot / DevDiv / releases / whidbey / NetFXspW7 / ndp / clr / src / BCL / System / Security / Cryptography / Rfc2898DeriveBytes.cs / 1 / Rfc2898DeriveBytes.cs

                            // ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 

// 
// Rfc2898DeriveBytes.cs 
//
 
// This implementation follows RFC 2898 recommendations. See http://www.ietf.org/rfc/Rfc2898.txt
// It uses HMACSHA1 as the underlying pseudorandom function.

namespace System.Security.Cryptography { 
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.IO; 
    using System.Text; 

    [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)] 
    public class Rfc2898DeriveBytes : DeriveBytes
    {
        private byte[] m_buffer;
        private byte[] m_salt; 
        private HMACSHA1 m_hmacsha1;  // The pseudo-random generator function used in PBKDF2
 
        private uint m_iterations; 
        private uint m_block;
        private int m_startIndex; 
        private int m_endIndex;

        private const int BlockSize = 20;
 
        //
        // public constructors 
        // 

        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, int saltSize) : this(password, saltSize, 1000) {} 

        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, int saltSize, int iterations) {
            if (saltSize < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("saltSize", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 

            byte[] salt = new byte[saltSize]; 
            Utils.StaticRandomNumberGenerator.GetBytes(salt); 

            Salt = salt; 
            IterationCount = iterations;
            m_hmacsha1 = new HMACSHA1(new UTF8Encoding(false).GetBytes(password));
            Initialize();
        } 

        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, byte[] salt) : this(password, salt, 1000) {} 
 
        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, byte[] salt, int iterations) : this (new UTF8Encoding(false).GetBytes(password), salt, iterations) {}
 
        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(byte[] password, byte[] salt, int iterations) {
            Salt = salt;
            IterationCount = iterations;
            m_hmacsha1 = new HMACSHA1(password); 
            Initialize();
        } 
 
        //
        // public properties 
        //

        public int IterationCount {
            get { return (int) m_iterations; } 
            set {
                if (value <= 0) 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("value", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 
                m_iterations = (uint) value;
                Initialize(); 
            }
        }

        public byte[] Salt { 
            get { return (byte[]) m_salt.Clone(); }
            set { 
                if (value == null) 
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("value");
                if (value.Length < 8) 
                    throw new ArgumentException(String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Cryptography_PasswordDerivedBytes_FewBytesSalt")));
                m_salt = (byte[]) value.Clone();
                Initialize();
            } 
        }
 
        // 
        // public methods
        // 

        public override byte[] GetBytes(int cb) {
            if (cb <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("cb", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 
            byte[] password = new byte[cb];
 
            int offset = 0; 
            int size = m_endIndex - m_startIndex;
            if (size > 0) { 
                if (cb >= size) {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(m_buffer, m_startIndex, password, 0, size);
                    m_startIndex = m_endIndex = 0;
                    offset += size; 
                } else {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(m_buffer, m_startIndex, password, 0, cb); 
                    m_startIndex += cb; 
                    return password;
                } 
            }

            BCLDebug.Assert(m_startIndex == 0 && m_endIndex == 0, "Invalid start or end index in the internal buffer." );
 
            while(offset < cb) {
                byte[] T_block = Func(); 
                int remainder = cb - offset; 
                if(remainder > BlockSize) {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(T_block, 0, password, offset, BlockSize); 
                    offset += BlockSize;
                } else {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(T_block, 0, password, offset, remainder);
                    offset += remainder; 
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(T_block, remainder, m_buffer, m_startIndex, BlockSize - remainder);
                    m_endIndex += (BlockSize - remainder); 
                    return password; 
                }
            } 
            return password;
        }

        public override void Reset() { 
            Initialize();
        } 
 
        private void Initialize() {
            if (m_buffer != null) 
                Array.Clear(m_buffer, 0, m_buffer.Length);
            m_buffer = new byte[BlockSize];
            m_block = 1;
            m_startIndex = m_endIndex = 0; 
        }
 
        // This function is defined as follow : 
        // Func (S, i) = HMAC(S || i) | HMAC2(S || i) | ... | HMAC(iterations) (S || i)
        // where i is the block number. 
        private byte[] Func () {
            byte[] INT_block = Utils.Int(m_block);

            m_hmacsha1.TransformBlock(m_salt, 0, m_salt.Length, m_salt, 0); 
            m_hmacsha1.TransformFinalBlock(INT_block, 0, INT_block.Length);
            byte[] temp = m_hmacsha1.Hash; 
            m_hmacsha1.Initialize(); 

            byte[] ret = temp; 
            for (int i = 2; i <= m_iterations; i++) {
                temp = m_hmacsha1.ComputeHash(temp);
                for (int j = 0; j < BlockSize; j++) {
                    ret[j] ^= temp[j]; 
                }
            } 
 
            // increment the block count.
            m_block++; 
            return ret;
        }
    }
} 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
// ==++== 
//
//   Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation.  All rights reserved.
//
// ==--== 

// 
// Rfc2898DeriveBytes.cs 
//
 
// This implementation follows RFC 2898 recommendations. See http://www.ietf.org/rfc/Rfc2898.txt
// It uses HMACSHA1 as the underlying pseudorandom function.

namespace System.Security.Cryptography { 
    using System.Globalization;
    using System.IO; 
    using System.Text; 

    [System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)] 
    public class Rfc2898DeriveBytes : DeriveBytes
    {
        private byte[] m_buffer;
        private byte[] m_salt; 
        private HMACSHA1 m_hmacsha1;  // The pseudo-random generator function used in PBKDF2
 
        private uint m_iterations; 
        private uint m_block;
        private int m_startIndex; 
        private int m_endIndex;

        private const int BlockSize = 20;
 
        //
        // public constructors 
        // 

        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, int saltSize) : this(password, saltSize, 1000) {} 

        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, int saltSize, int iterations) {
            if (saltSize < 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("saltSize", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 

            byte[] salt = new byte[saltSize]; 
            Utils.StaticRandomNumberGenerator.GetBytes(salt); 

            Salt = salt; 
            IterationCount = iterations;
            m_hmacsha1 = new HMACSHA1(new UTF8Encoding(false).GetBytes(password));
            Initialize();
        } 

        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, byte[] salt) : this(password, salt, 1000) {} 
 
        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(string password, byte[] salt, int iterations) : this (new UTF8Encoding(false).GetBytes(password), salt, iterations) {}
 
        public Rfc2898DeriveBytes(byte[] password, byte[] salt, int iterations) {
            Salt = salt;
            IterationCount = iterations;
            m_hmacsha1 = new HMACSHA1(password); 
            Initialize();
        } 
 
        //
        // public properties 
        //

        public int IterationCount {
            get { return (int) m_iterations; } 
            set {
                if (value <= 0) 
                    throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("value", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 
                m_iterations = (uint) value;
                Initialize(); 
            }
        }

        public byte[] Salt { 
            get { return (byte[]) m_salt.Clone(); }
            set { 
                if (value == null) 
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("value");
                if (value.Length < 8) 
                    throw new ArgumentException(String.Format(CultureInfo.CurrentCulture, Environment.GetResourceString("Cryptography_PasswordDerivedBytes_FewBytesSalt")));
                m_salt = (byte[]) value.Clone();
                Initialize();
            } 
        }
 
        // 
        // public methods
        // 

        public override byte[] GetBytes(int cb) {
            if (cb <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException("cb", Environment.GetResourceString("ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegNum")); 
            byte[] password = new byte[cb];
 
            int offset = 0; 
            int size = m_endIndex - m_startIndex;
            if (size > 0) { 
                if (cb >= size) {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(m_buffer, m_startIndex, password, 0, size);
                    m_startIndex = m_endIndex = 0;
                    offset += size; 
                } else {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(m_buffer, m_startIndex, password, 0, cb); 
                    m_startIndex += cb; 
                    return password;
                } 
            }

            BCLDebug.Assert(m_startIndex == 0 && m_endIndex == 0, "Invalid start or end index in the internal buffer." );
 
            while(offset < cb) {
                byte[] T_block = Func(); 
                int remainder = cb - offset; 
                if(remainder > BlockSize) {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(T_block, 0, password, offset, BlockSize); 
                    offset += BlockSize;
                } else {
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(T_block, 0, password, offset, remainder);
                    offset += remainder; 
                    Buffer.InternalBlockCopy(T_block, remainder, m_buffer, m_startIndex, BlockSize - remainder);
                    m_endIndex += (BlockSize - remainder); 
                    return password; 
                }
            } 
            return password;
        }

        public override void Reset() { 
            Initialize();
        } 
 
        private void Initialize() {
            if (m_buffer != null) 
                Array.Clear(m_buffer, 0, m_buffer.Length);
            m_buffer = new byte[BlockSize];
            m_block = 1;
            m_startIndex = m_endIndex = 0; 
        }
 
        // This function is defined as follow : 
        // Func (S, i) = HMAC(S || i) | HMAC2(S || i) | ... | HMAC(iterations) (S || i)
        // where i is the block number. 
        private byte[] Func () {
            byte[] INT_block = Utils.Int(m_block);

            m_hmacsha1.TransformBlock(m_salt, 0, m_salt.Length, m_salt, 0); 
            m_hmacsha1.TransformFinalBlock(INT_block, 0, INT_block.Length);
            byte[] temp = m_hmacsha1.Hash; 
            m_hmacsha1.Initialize(); 

            byte[] ret = temp; 
            for (int i = 2; i <= m_iterations; i++) {
                temp = m_hmacsha1.ComputeHash(temp);
                for (int j = 0; j < BlockSize; j++) {
                    ret[j] ^= temp[j]; 
                }
            } 
 
            // increment the block count.
            m_block++; 
            return ret;
        }
    }
} 

// File provided for Reference Use Only by Microsoft Corporation (c) 2007.
                        

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